In September 2012 the Italian criminal appeal court upheld the conviction of 22 US CIA agents, one US pilot of a rendition plane and two Italian intelligence officials, all of whom had been convicted in connection with the kidnap of Muslim cleric known as Abu Omar. Abu Omar was then transported to Egypt on February 17th, 2003, on Gulfstream 4 plane with tail number N85VM, where he claimed he was tortured. It has been confirmed by independent investigations including Amnesty International, the Council of Europe, the European Parliament and the UN Rapporteur on Torture, that this aircraft was refuelled at Shannon on February 18th, 2003 on its return journey to the US.
Aircraft N85VM had previously been refuelled at Shannon in another case revealed in New York court documents. On November 8th 2002 it arrived at Shannon from Washington and flew on to Dubai and Kabul on a mission that is likely to have involved the rendition and alleged torture of Abd al-Nashiri.